James Walter Macauley (1924-2002)
The way I heard it from Dad, Uncle Jim was encouraged to go from ROTC to the California Guard… to avoid being deployed to war. We certainly see these days that the Guard is not a way to serve with less risk.
The 96th “Deadeye” Infantry Division of World War II
383rd or 381st regiment (prob 383, company d)
1,2, or 3 battalion
Bronze Star 13 April 1945
Leyte, Philippines Battle
Okinawa, Japan Battle: 10K casualties
- Division trained in Hawaiian Islands, July to September 1944
- Assault landing in Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, between Tanauan and Dulag, 20 October 1944. Secured the Tanauan-Dagami-Tabontabon sector by 9 November. Small unit actions, patrolling, probing, and wiping out pockets of Japanese. Chalk Ridge was taken, 12 December 1944, and major organized resistance was at an end by Christmas Day.
- Three months were spent in mopping up, security duty, training, and loading for the coming invasion of Okinawa – Operation Iceberg. The Division left the Philippines, 27 March 1945
- Okinawa assault landing on the island, 1 April 1945. Beachhead established near Sunabe, 1-3 April. Advanced to Gakazu/Kazaku Ridge, where fighting was fierce, 7-16 April
- The 96th assaulted and cracked the fanatically defended enemy defense line, Tanabaru Nishibaru, 17-23 April, and after advancing slightly against extremely determined resistance, was relieved, 30 April, by the 77th Infantry Division
- 12 April 1945 FDR died. Truman president.
- 13 April 1945 BEAUFORD T. ANDERSON US Army 381st 96th Okinawa Medal of Honor. Throwing jap mortar against unit sheltered in tomb.
- Battle of Kazaku Ridge 12-14 April 1945:
Japan’s 272, 11, 62 division (company 272, 62nd division)
US XXIV Corps, 96th infantry division (plus 27th): right: 3/106, reserve 1/381 , 2/106 right, 1/383 left flank (2nd battalion, 381st Infantry Regiment)
HEADQUARTERS 96TH INFANTRY DIVISION
28 September 1945
AWARD OF THE BRONZE STAR MEDAL
By direction of the President, under the provisions of the Executive Order No. 9419, 4 February 1944 (Section II, Bulletin No. 3, War Department 1944), and persuant to authority contained in AR 600-45, (Decorations), 22 September 1943, as amended by Change No. 3, 25 April 1944, a Bronze Star Medal is awarded by the Commanding General, 96th Infantry Division, to the following named military personnel:
Private First Class James W. Macauley, 191887886, Infantry, United States Army.
For heroic service in connection with military operations against the enemy on Okinawa Island on 13 April 1945. Private First Class Macauley, an ammunition bearer in a mortar platoon, volunteered to help carry rations five hundred yards to an adjacent unit. Upon receiving heavy enemy fire, most of the detail turned back but he and three others continued with their mission. On the return trip, one of his comrades was mortally wounded so he remained alone with him and administered first aid to ease the man’s pain. This was done under the same heavy artillery barrage. By completing his mission, Private First Class Macauley helped supply the adjacent unit with rations enabling them to hold the ground they had gained. Private First Class Macauley’s devotion to duty is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
SSGT Leonard A Martin 37439533 (<- 383rd, Co.D as of April 27 1944, the Milford mail news archive)
PFC Leo S. Martinez 37708932
PFC Earl F. Morris 38243652 (<- AA: 28 Aug 1921 – 26 Oct 1979 burried http://www.okgenweb.org/~okpushma/cemetery/finley.htm)
SGT Ralph H. Murphy 38291244 (<-of little rock arkansas 6/1/42 b.1921 warrant officers)
BY COMMAND OF MAJOR GENERAL BRADLEY:
C. H. WHITE JR,
Colonel, G. S. C.,
Chief of Staff.
E. R. AUTREY
Lt. Col., A. G. D.,
DISTRIBUTION “B” “C” “F” & “X”
JAMES W MACAULEY
Certified Public Accountant, license 4556
Expiration Date: May 31, 1984
2930 DUBLIN DRIVE, SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, 94080
OTHER REFERENCES TO CHECK:
Compiled by Opal M. Nelson
book: Deadeyes, 96th Div – 383rd – Co. D: memorial edition
Length 174 pages
NY public library JFF 98-2654 Schwarzman Building – Main Reading Room
Davidson, Orlando R., 1912-
Title The Deadeyes : the story of the 96th Infantry Division / Orlando R. Davidson, J. Carl Willems [and] Joseph A. Kahl.